Start your birding adventure in Greater Phoenix | By Jackie Dishner
My first inclination to try birding came several years ago, when a trip to southeastern Arizona happened to coincide with the region’s famous annual sandhill crane migration. Curiosity led me to follow a growing flock of the shadowy figures gliding through the sky to the Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area south of the town of Willcox.
Here, the three-foot-tall birds landed en masse, upright, in ponds already filled with hundreds more. Around me—behind binoculars, scopes, and camera lenses—birders from around the world had also traveled to this part of the state, known for its many birding habitats, to witness this sight. Inspired by the encounter, I recently donned my own binoculars and got my start as a birder in a lesser-known birding locale: Greater Phoenix.
As it turns out, this area is rich in bird life. Of the 10,000-plus bird species in the world, about 500 of them have been spotted in Arizona, says Kathe Anderson, a local birder who leads guided tours for regional chapters of the Audubon Society, state parks, and other organizations. And 400 of those can be seen in Greater Phoenix and its surrounding communities in Maricopa County. Birders can spot common Sonoran species such as the cactus wren or Gila woodpecker, and also elusive birds such as Le Conte’s thrasher.
“If you liked collecting things as a kid,” explains Kurt Radamaker, a founding member of Arizona Field Ornithologists, “you’ll probably like birding. You’re basically collecting bird sightings.”
I test this theory on my first outing with a local birder, Aubrey Jackson, who has agreed to act as my guide at Tempe Town Lake. The best birding times, she tells me, are early morning or late afternoon, when birds are most active. I choose afternoon, because she says we may catch snowy egrets flying off the lake at dusk to roost in the marsh.
To prepare, I fill the many pockets of my travel vest with a field guide to Western region birds, a notebook, a pen, my smartphone for photos, two bottles of water, and a small pair of binoculars that fit snugly in one hand. I also bring sunscreen and a hat.
“Oh, you don’t really need all that,” Jackson says before we take off by bike near Scottsdale’s Indian Bend Wash toward Tempe Town Lake.
On a later trek, Kathe Anderson mirrors Jackson’s advice. “Some of the best birding happens when you just sit quietly and use your senses.” It’s a lot easier, too, not having to juggle equipment. But I want to see the birds up close.
“Birding taught me mindfulness,” Jackson says, pedaling up ahead. “You don’t have time to pay attention to worries when you’re outside focused on looking for birds.” You’re automatically prompted with questions, which “makes your brain light up,” she says: “Where is it going? What is it doing? Why is it squealing like that?”
Jackson spots our first find—birds perched in some mesquite trees. She calls it “getting on the bird.” I can’t see them, so she helps me use an imaginary clock face to direct my eyes on one. “It’s at 2 o’clock. Oh, now it’s moved to 9 o’clock.” I clumsily lift my binoculars to zoom in on a bird smaller than my palm. Too late.
“Listen. What do you hear?” she asks.
“A whistle sound,” I say.
She helps me use “field marks” to identify a red head, a stubby nose that blends in with a gray face, a red neck, and long gray tail feathers.
“What is it doing?” Jackson asks me of the bird, now forcing its bill into the ground.
I guess: “Looking for food?”
We use my field guide to verify it’s a house finch. Satisfied, I’m happy to watch it dig for seeds and bugs.
Birding takes patience, I learn. You wait to see what happens.
For the next two hours, we ride and stop, ride and stop, spotting birds along our route. Cliff swallows zigzag overhead, scooping up insects, returning to mud nests underneath the bridge. Flocks of geese and their babies, cormorants, and coots gather on a lake island. A red-winged blackbird engages in a mating call and dance, flashing a bright burst of red and white plumage. A European starling takes off, cottonwood fluff stuffed in his bill. And just before sunset, as we’re heading back, Jackson calls out, “Oh, look!” She points to an arrangement of white spots on the branches of cottonwoods in the riparian area below our bike path. I lift my binoculars.
“The snowy egrets!” Just like us, calling it a day.
7 Spots to Scope
Ramble along six trails beside streams, a lake, a mesquite bosque, and cottonwoods to see some of more than 300 species of birds. Birding programs in this Wickenburg park include an annual International Migratory Bird Day celebration.
This Fountain Hills park, named for the fountain built into the center of its 29-acre, 100-million gallon lake, provides a well-manicured birding habitat for migrating ducks and water fowl.
Walk or bike through 110 acres of wetlands/ponds and riparian habitats in the town of Gilbert. This water recharge site offers opportunities to see a variety of birds, including grebes, warblers, shorebirds and more. Regular bird walks scheduled.
Habitats in this breathtaking birding corridor in Mesa include desert, semi-desert grassland, chaparral, piñon-juniper, and pine, attracting an abundance of species, including bald eagles. Park pass required.
Part of the 11-mile Scottsdale Greenbelt, a paved path passes through several parks, manmade lakes, and golf courses. Common bird sightings include mallard ducks, herons, and egrets.
This manmade reservoir built over the dry Salt River bed near Tempe’s Arizona State University campus includes several bird habitats. Native and migrating birds congregate along the uplands and riparian area.
Viewing blinds along the trail at this Glendale park help visitors spy hawks, cormorants, wintering ducks, and more in and around a manmade pond—without disturbing the habitat. One viewing blind location is wheelchair-accessible.
Still want more? Try these additional 6 spots:
- Boyce Thompson Arboretum, Superior
- Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix
- Environmental Education Center, Chandler
- Phoenix Zoo/Papago Park, Phoenix
- Rio Salado Habitat Restoration Area, Phoenix
- Tres Rios Wetlands, Phoenix
What You Need (Besides Bottled Water)
Birders insist you need only take yourself when first getting started. And juggling a field guide, binoculars, and camera while making notes or sketches of birds observed at a distance can be a nuisance for the amateur. But once you’ve mastered the patience to simply observe and listen, you’ll want to do more. Use this list to pick and practice what works best for you.
- Binoculars (10 x 42 magnification recommended) or spotting scope
- Notebook and pen/pencil to record observations and sounds
Books & Apps
- Beginner’s Field Guide to Birds of Phoenix, by Jim Burns and Michael Rupp
- Birds of Phoenix and Maricopa County Arizona, by Janet Witzeman, Salome Demaree, and Eleanor Radke
- eBird (The Cornell Lab of Ornithology bird identification app)
Guide to 101 Birding Sites (Phoenix app by Mike Rupp)
- Kaufman Focus Guide to Birds of North America, by Kenn Kaufman
Sibley Guide to Birds, by David Allen Sibley
- Audubon Society (Arizona, Desert Rivers, Maricopa and Sonoran chapters)
- Wild Birds Unlimited store, Mesa
- Outdoor slacks/shorts and shirt
- Comfortable walking/hiking shoes
- A vest or bag to carry equipment
- Wide-rimmed hat to shade face and eyes